The Sound of One Hand Clapping.*
The Fourth Thursday of Lent; and, the Commemoration of Saint Turibius of Mogrovejo, Bishop.**
Lessons from the feria, according to the ordinary form of the Roman Rite:
• Jeremiah 7: 23-28.
• Psalm 95: 1-2, 6-9.
• Luke 11: 14-23.
The Fourth Thursday of Lent.**
Lessons from the feria, according to the extraordinary form of the Roman Rite:
• Jeremiah 7: 1-7.
• Psalm 144: 15-16.
• Luke 4: 28-44.
The Fourth Thursday of the Great Fast; the Feast of the Holy Venerable Martyr Nicon & His Students; and, the Feast of Our Holy Mother Rafka.***
Lessons for the Sixth Hour with Holy Communion, according to the Ruthenian recension of the Byzantine Rite:†
• Isaiah 28: 14-22.
9:36 AM 3/23/2017 — We've noticed many times how sickness is often a Biblical allegory for sin, and we seem to revisit the issue whenever we read about our Lord performing one of His many cures. That shouldn't cause us to fall into the mistake of thinking that the cures are not real;—they are actual historical events that the Evangelists have recorded for us—but, they are highly symbolic as well, and the Evangelists accentuate them not simply to show our Lord's divinity, but because of their allegorical value. The Jews of our Lord's time, remember, regarded physical handicap as a sign of God's displeasure: a person was blind or deaf or lame or, in the case of the man described in today's Gospel lesson, mute because he had sinned or, if he was born that way, because of a sin inherited from his parents. Remember, when our Lord encountered the man born blind, His own disciples asked him, "Rabbi, who has sinned, this man or his parents, that he should be born blind?" (John 9: 2 Douay-Rheims). And the cures that Jesus brings about on these occasions, in addition to simply being done to help someone in need, are most definitely intended by our Lord to represent the spiritual healing that He comes to effect in our lives.
Keeping this clearly in mind as we read the Holy Gospels, we cannot help but notice that, in the way Jesus acts toward the sick, He is giving us an image of the sacraments. St. John Chrysostom, commenting on today's Gospel lesson, tells us that this man “was unable to present his request himself, because he was dumb; he was unable to ask others to do it either, because the devil had tied his tongue, and together with his tongue he had bound up his soul” (Homilies on the Gospels, 32, 1).
How many times have we left the confessional only to remember later that there was something we needed to say to our Lord, but had forgotten to say it? More common, perhaps, is the phenomenon rooted as much in psychology as in spirituality, wherein someone will go to confession with every intention of making a clean breast of everything, but simply can't get it out: maybe they're embarrassed; maybe the sin occurred in the midst of some traumatic experience that the individual finds difficult to relive; maybe it's just been so many years since someone confessed that he's afraid of what the priest will say, forgetting that he's not telling his sins to the priest, he's telling them to Christ. Priests I know who work in the Marriage Tribunal of our diocese tell me that one of the reasons petitions for decrees of nullity often take so long to process and bring to judgment is not because of some kind of slowness on the part of the Tribunal, but because the petitioner often takes a long time to collect the necessary information, because part of the process requires them to put down on paper, in excruciating detail, all the horrors that brought about the dissolution of the marriage, and people have a hard time plowing through the emotions required to do that; no one wants to relive the most heart-breaking part of his or her life.
In today's Psalm, we all prayed:
Oh, that today you would hear his voice:
“Harden not your hearts as at Maribah,
as in the day of Massah in the desert,
Where your fathers tempted me;
they tested me though they had seen my works” (Psalm 95: 8-9 NABRE).
The historical reference is to events recorded in Exodus 17 (cf. v. 7); but, the meaning in the context of today's Mass is not a hardening of one's heart as a result of obstinacy; it's a hardness brought about by a lacking in the virtues of Faith and Hope: we either doubt the Truth of the Faith, that Christ can and does forgive our sins in confession, or we presume against our Lord's infinite mercy and doubt our Lord's desire to do so. And here is where the Devil comes into play, and why so much is said about him in today's lesson: the result of this fear and presumption is silence, preventing us from going into the confessional at all, or, once we're in there, preventing us from speaking what needs to be spoken. This, of course, serves the Devil's purpose, because a sin not confessed is a sin not forgiven.
Now, it is a fact that, if our emotional state is such that we fail to speak a sin in confession because we simply can't muster the courage to do it, our Lord, who knows all our sins from the get-go, makes up for that handicap and forgives the sin anyway, which is why it's not necessary to run back to confession the next day or the next hour to try it again; it's simply sufficient, the next time one goes to confession, to mention what happened. And it doesn't matter how long it's been, or how terrible we think the sin may be. “Come back to the Lord your God,” says the prophet Joel; “he is ever gracious and merciful, ever patient and rich in pardon; threatens he calamity, even now he is ready to forgive” (Joel 2: 13 Knox).
* The Sound of One Hand Clapping is a lesson from the famous Zen kōan of Hakuin Ekaku. The student of Zen is supposed to meditate on this riddle until some degree of insight or enlightenment occurs. The tricky part is that there is no right answer. What you are, or what you know, or what you believe, is what you get.
** Because Lent began on a Wednesday, today is the fourth Thursday. Cf. the post here under the heading "Hey, aren't you off by a week?" for an explanation of how the days of the liturgical calendar are rendered on this site as opposed to how they are designated in the Roman Missal.
In the ordinary form during Lent, memorials automatically become commemorations, the observance of which is optional. If observed, only the Collect of the saint is used, with everything else taken from the feria, and the color of the season worn. In the extraordinary form, third class feasts also become commemorations, with the commemoration made by an additional Collect, Secret and Postcommunion added to those of the feria, and the color of the season is worn.
Turibius (1538-1606), a Spaniard, brought ecclesiastical discipline to the Church in Latin America as Archbishop of Lima.
*** Because the Great Fast began on a Monday, today is the fourth Thursday.
Nicon and his pubils died as martyrs in Sicily toward the end of the third century.
Rafqa Pietra Choboq Ar-Rayès, O.L.M. ((1832-1914), also known as Rebecca (in Arabic, رفقا بطرسيّة شبق ألريّس) was a Maronite Catholic nun of the Mariamette Sisters. She was canonized by Pope Saint John Paul II on June 10, 2001.
† Cf. the second footnote to the post here for an explanation of weekday services in the Byzantine Tradition during the Great Fast.