The Harder the Nut, the Bigger the Nut Cracker.
The First Monday of Advent; or, the Memorial of Saint John Damascene, Priest & Doctor of the Church.
Lessons from the feria, according to the ordinary form of the Roman Rite:
• Isaiah 2: 1-5.
• Psalm 122: 1-9.
• Matthew 8: 5-11.
When a Mass for the memorial is taken, lessons from the feria as above, or from the proper:
• II Timothy 1: 13-14; 2: 1-3.
• Psalm 19: 8-11.
• Matthew 25: 14-30.
[or, 25: 14-23.]
…or, any lessons from the common of Pastors for One Pastor, or the common of Doctors of the Church.
The Third Class Feast of Saint Peter Chrysologus, Bishop, Confessor & Doctor of the Church; the Commemoration of the First Monday of Advent; and, the Commemoration of Saint Barbara, Virgin & Martyr.*
Lessons from the common "In médio…" of a Doctor of the Church, according to the extraordinary form of the Roman Rite:
• II Timothy 4: 1-8.
• Psalm 36: 30-31.
• Matthew 5: 13-19.
If a Mass for the commemoration of St. Barbara is taken, lessons from the common "Loquébar…" of a Virgin Martyr:
• Ecclesiasticus 51: 1-8, 12.
• Psalm 44: 8.
• Matthew 25: 1-13.
8:04 AM 12/4/2017 — John Damascene, whose Memorial we celebrate today and who went home to the Lord in the year 749, is considered the last of the great Fathers of the Church, those early apostolic and sub-apostolic writers to whom the Church owes so much of her theological and spiritual development. He is also a Doctor of the Church, the title the Church gives to those saints whose work was so important in formulating the deposit of faith so as to stand next to the Scriptures in influence. John Damascene, which is just an anglicized way of saying John of Damascus,—yes, he was an Arab—formulated much of the theological language we use today to refer to the Perpetual Virginity of the Mother of God, and anticipated the Dogma of the Immaculate Conception centuries before anyone had even uttered those words. Now, to our Gospel lesson for today.
"Not even in Israel have I found such faith!" With those striking words our Lord surely must have stunned His disciples. He, after all was a Jew, and all His followers were Jews, and those that believed in Him surely believed Him to be the Messiah promised by the prophets, who were also Jews. Rome, remember, was the enemy; and this Roman, a worshiper of false gods and idols, an officer in the Roman Legion occupying Jerusalem, had more faith in our Lord than all of them combined, or so our Lord says. How is that possible?
Well, it’s possible because faith is a gift. God can give it to whomever He chooses. To be sure, it was the leaders of our Lord’s own religion who delivered Him over to death, not the Romans; Pilate, remember, wanted to let Him go, and acquiesced only because he feared a riot instigated by the Synagogue leaders. And just to make sure that the lesson is not lost on His disciples, our Lord says it very bluntly: "…there are many who will come from the east and from the west, and will take their places in the kingdom of God with Abraham and Isaac and Jacob…" (Matt. 8: 11 Knox).
“Many will come from East and West.” There is no geographical boundary to salvation. It is faith—not location, race, national origin, or political allegiance—which determines favor in God’s eyes. The centurion, after all, wasn’t a Jew or a Christian. He was just a man with a problem, and he took that problem to our Lord with faith and humility. He wore the uniform of Rome, and probably sacrificed to the Roman Gods; but, it was in a moment of crisis—the pending death of someone close to him—that the truth of his character became apparent.
The shame, of course, is that it had to come to that. So often it’s the case, isn’t it? It takes some kind of crisis to bring us to our spiritual senses. Of course, it means that the faith is there to begin with, but we hide it. Maybe we’re embarrassed; maybe we’re lazy; maybe we’re just too distracted by the obligations of our daily lives to pay much attention to our interior life or the obligations of our faith. Where I was once pastor there was a young woman who’s husband passed away very young. They weren’t church goers. And it wasn’t until after her husband’s death that she started coming to church weekly, which is good. But why did it have to take a tragedy?
What we have to be conscious of is the fact that the Lord wants us, and He’s not going to let us get away that easily. We’re always free to reject Him if we want. But most of us don’t reject the Lord outright: we just put Him on the back burner; we hold Him in reserve until we think we need Him. And when we do that it is almost certain that the Lord is going to arrange for us to need Him, because He wants us. And whatever it takes for us to realize that we need Him is really up to us. The harder the nut, the bigger the nut cracker. Take the case of Lazarus. Our Lord admits to His disciples that the reason He delayed to go to his friend Lazarus when he was sick was to bring people to the faith. Now, we can say that it’s cruel for Him to have allowed His friend to die just so He could raise him from the dead and convert some people; but, what price do you put, then, on faith?
If we are people of faith, as surely we must be—otherwise, why are we here?—then we must place some kind of value on our faith. And when we face a crisis in our lives, and we don’t know the reason for it, it might be just that: that we have not yet learned to trust the Lord as we should. And some people can’t learn to trust the Lord until everything else they trust has been taken from them.
Our goal, of course, should be to have a faith and a trust in Christ that doesn’t require a crisis to make it first in our lives. But if we should fall short in that regard, and a crisis does befall us, it is wise to remember that there is a reason for everything. It may not be the reason we think, and it may even be a reason that we refuse to see because it concerns a shortcoming in our lives that we’re not willing to admit;—it is, after all, common for people in a crisis to blame everything and everyone other than themselves—but it is for a reason that Christ sometimes calls us His children; you often must force a child to do things he doesn’t want to do precisely because he doesn’t see the need to do them.
It took a crisis for our Lord to bring the centurion to faith. But when He did, the faith of that centurion was greater than that of all his disciples. Let’s pray that it won’t take such a crisis to bring us to the realization of our faith; but, if it should happen, let’s also resolve that we won’t turn away from Him in bitterness, but rather turn to Him in gratitude and need. Faith, indeed, is a gift; and it’s such a great gift, that some people have to be forced to accept it. But there is nothing that we have and nothing that we love that is more important.
* In the extraordinary form, Third Class Feasts during Advent must be observed, with the Advent feria commemorated with the ferial Collect, Secret and Postcommunion added to those of the feast. Any additional commemorations for saints may be observed at the discretion of the priest, with the Advent feria being observed as a commemoration in the same way. Cf. the post here for more information.
The holy bishop of Ravena, Chrysologus (not his real name), was one of the most eloquent preachers of the Church, the name "Chrysologus" meaning "golden speech." He died at Imola in the year 450.
Barbara died at Nicomedia around the year 235.