An Inconvenient Truth: How Almost Everyone Misinterprets the Purpose of Prayer.
The Twenty-Seventh Thursday of Ordinary Time.
Lessons from the primary feria, according to the ordinary form of the Roman Rite:
• Malachi 3: 13-20.
• Psalm 1: 1-4, 6.
• Luke 11: 5-13.
The Eighteenth Thursday after Pentecost.
Lessons from the dominica,* according to the extraordinary form of the Roman Rite:
• I Corinthians 1: 4-8.
• Psalm 121: 1, 7.
• Matthew 9: 1-8.
The Eighteenth Thursday after Pentecost; the Feast of the Holy Martyrs Probus, Tarachus & Andronicus; the Feast of Our Holy Father Cosmas the Hymnographer, Bishop of Maium; and, the Feast of Our Holy Father Martin, Bishop of Tours.
Lessons from the pentecostarion, according to the Ruthenian recension of the Byzantine Rite:
• Philippians 1: 20-27.
• Luke 9: 7-11.
10:02 AM 10/12/2017 — The Holy Gospels contain a number of our Lord’s lessons on the subject of prayer. Yesterday’s Gospel was Luke’s version of the Lord’s prayer, and today’s lesson contains the verses immediately following in which He expounds a bit more on the subject. But before we dig into it, we should review some basic things we all should know about prayer, but may have forgotten.
There's all different kinds of prayer, as you know, depending on the method or the subject matter or both: vocal prayer verses mental prayer, prayer of petition verses prayer of thanksgiving, liturgical prayer verses private prayer, centering prayer verses prayer of the presence of God. For the present, our Lord is focusing on private vocal prayer, and the example He gave us yesterday is a prayer of petition: the Our Father, which we call the Lord's Prayer because it was given to us by our Lord. Even though it's being presented by our Lord as an example of private prayer, it's become an example of liturgical prayer as well, as it soon became part of the liturgy of the Church, and was already at the time the Gospels were written. Matthew’s form of the Our Father follows the liturgical tradition of his Church; Luke’s shorter, less developed version that we read yesterday represents the liturgical tradition known to him, and is probably closer than Matthew’s to the original words of Jesus.
Down through the centuries a lot of people have composed meditations on the petitions of Lord's Prayer, and I'm not going to try to add to what's already available; but, there are a couple of things that could stand to be mentioned based on what is often brought up in confession, and they have to do more with what our Lord says in Matthew’s account in introducing His prayer rather than with the prayer itself. In both accounts, our Lord gives the lesson on prayer in response to a request from his disciples. Luke’s account, which is continued in today’s Gospel lesson, is actually more detailed in that his report is followed by our Lord giving some rather boilerplate practical advice about prayer; and, it’s from this that we get such iconic and familiar passages like, “…seek and you shall find … knock and the door will be opened … who would hand his son a snake when he asks for a fish?” (Luke 11: 9, 11 NABRE), and so on. Matthew’s account, though a bit shorter, doesn’t contain the followup lessons, but instead prefaces the prayer with our Lord giving an introduction: “In praying, do not babble like the pagans, who think that they will be heard because of their many words. Do not be like them. Your Father knows what you need before you ask him” (Matt. 6: 7-8 NABRE). And in that very simple instruction there are two extremely important points.
Those who attend daily Mass may remember last year around this time when the first lessons were being taken from the First Book of Kings (cf. I Kings 18: 20-39), in which Elijah has his encounter with the priests of Baal, and he challenges them to a liturgical competition: they each are to build altars and offer a sacrifice, asking for the true God to send down fire to light the wood on the altar of whichever is the true God. Elijah even agrees to do it with one hand tied behind his back, so to speak, agreeing to have the wood on his altar soaked in water. And when the pagan priests get no response from their god, Elijah taunts them, saying, “Call louder … he may be busy…. Perhaps he is asleep and must be awakened” (I Kings 18: 27 NABRE). Elijah's prayer, by contrast, is simplicity itself: he asks God to show the people that He is God, and, boom, it happens. Our Lord wants to disabuse His disciples of the mistaken view held by many Jews of that time who thought that, for God to hear them, they had to say long vocal prayers. I've mentioned before the episode from the life of Saint John Vianney in which the saintly priest spied a man visiting the Blessed Sacrament every day for a considerable length of time, but never seeming to use any kind of aid in his prayer: he never had a Rosary with him, never used any kind of prayer book. And when the Curé of Ars asked him what he did in the presence of our Lord, he responded by saying, “I look at Him and He looks at me.”
So, the first point our Lord makes in teaching his disciples how to pray is that our prayers are no better for containing a multiplicity of words. That's simple enough. His second point, through, is a bit more mystical, in that he explains that any prayer of petition is an exercise in the obvious, given the fact that God already knows what we need and what we want: “Your Father knows what you need before you ask him,” He says (Matt. 6: 8 NABRE). It begs the question: Why ask at all, then? Clearly, He's not suggesting that we don't, otherwise He wouldn't have given us the prayer; but, putting our needs into words requires that we first clarify them in our own minds and, in the process, we force ourselves to come to terms with the tension between what we need—or, to put it more precisely, what we've convinced ourselves we think we need—and what may or may not be God's will for us, and this we've also discussed before. The substratum of every prayer is the desire for the grace to accept the Will of God in all things, even when His Will is not our own; and, this is, in fact, explicitly included in our Lord's Prayer: “Thy kingdom come, Thy will be done….” And, again, as we've discussed before, this is the reason I usually omit the petitions at daily Mass or, when I do them, you’ll notice I use a set formula that never varies, just to emphasize the fact that it's not our place to be telling God what we think He should be doing; worse yet when the petitions are used to make social commentary, or serve as an expression of cultural diversity. I'm always disturbed, whenever I attend diocesan functions and someone has decided that there must be fifteen petitions, each read in a different language by representatives of every ethnic group lurking in the remotest corners of the diocese. That's not what the Bidding Prayers are for, and that's not prayer.
But the most important lesson of all, I think, stems not from any specific thing our Lord says here, but rather the very fact that, in response to the disciples' question about how they should pray, He doesn't then give them a lesson on prayer as such; He gives them a prayer, and a very specific one which the Evangelists record word for word. And this ties in to what I mentioned in the beginning about how this keeps coming up in confession, when people seem distressed over the fact that they feel their prayer is dry and empty because it's not offering them any kind of emotional or psychological consolation. Notice that our Lord does not say, “Use these words, and you'll feel better.” He just says, “Say this.” He doesn't indicate that anything is supposed to happen to us in the process. Prayer—at least as it's being presented to us here by our Lord—is not meant to be therapeutic. We don't pray to “get something out of it,” just as we don't assist at Holy Mass to “get something out of it.” We assist at Mass because it is the re-presentation of our Lord's sacrifice on the Cross, making present to us—and offering us—His most Sacred Body and Precious Blood. Just like we don't go to confession to receive counseling, but to speak our sins out loud to our Lord and receive His absolution. Just like we don't baptize a child to welcome him into the community, but to cleanse him of original sin and restore Sanctifying Grace. Just like we don't conduct funerals as some form of liturgical grief counseling for the bereaved, but to speed the soul on its journey and keep it safe until the final resurrection. This notion that every spiritual thing we do as a Church, both publicly and privately, has to have some therapeutic result is based in a lack of faith. More to the point of today's Gospel lesson: we don't pray because we're feeling down and think that by praying we will feel better. If that should happen, all well and good, and it is always a great grace if our Lord causes that to happen; but, the reason we pray is that Jesus is God, and He has commanded it of us, and even gave us a prayer to say.
The irony is that, when we disabuse ourselves of this notion that our spiritual exercises are supposed to have some therapeutic benefit, they often end up having such because they serve to strip away the sin of pride and dispose us to God's Holy Will. Saint Augustine said that the petitions of the Lord's Prayer comprise everything that man could possibly ask of God (cf. Sermon 56), not so much because it asks for our daily bread or protection from temptation or forgiveness of our sins, but primarily because it asks for God's Will to be done. Prayer only accomplishes what our Lord intends when we have dis-enthralled ourselves from the process.
* In the extraordinary form, on ferias outside privileged seasons, the lessons come from the previous Sunday.